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Gebhardt

Dirk

Gebhardt

Validated Lead Expert
Generic Skills
B.1. Understanding of integrated and sustainable urban development: 
My professional background brings together experience in working for Eurocities - the network of major European cities - with doctoral and postdoctoral research, and teaching on a wide variety of urban topics. I also have hands-on experience, working on the ground in cities, in area-based programmes. As a policy advisor for Eurocities (4.5 years), I facilitated mutual learning between city practitioners, helped in the development of common positions and communicated information emerging from this work to European institutions and other stakeholders. I covered social inclusion, employment, immigrant integration and demographic change, and touched on cohesion policy and economic development. My core academic background is in geography, but also includes work experience in the fields of sociology and political sciences, covering areas such as local governance, multi-level coordination, resident participation, integrated neighbourhood-based programmes, social inclusion, immigration, residential and everyday mobility. I have published on these areas in a wide number of formats including academic articles and policy-oriented reports as well as thematic, methodological and policy briefings, and video clips.
B1. Assessment: 
1 - both work experience and correct eduactional background
B.2. Understanding of exchange and learning processes at transnational level: 
Facilitating transnational exchange and learning was my main task as policy advisor for Eurocities. This included organising and programming learning activities for thematic working groups and projects on topics such as employment, social innovation, demographic change, immigrant integration, Roma inclusion and economic migration. I designed and organised peer reviews, field visits, mentoring schemes and political meetings for stakeholders from city administrations all over Europe. My work also involved responding, on a daily basis, to ad-hoc requests from city representatives, and connecting cities with similar interests. With a view to maximising learning outcomes, I gathered feedback on the efficiency of these formats for learning, and worked with city representatives to improve them. Together, we developed new formats for publications, meetings and projects that had a greater practical value for local policy makers, and sought out synergies between the needs of local practitioners and EU funding streams and institutional logics. Other experience with transnational learning includes, for instance, identifying and analysing good practice on policy coordination for the EU Agency Eurofound in Dublin; producing video case studies on innovative social services all over Europe for the EU-research project Innoserv; and routinely conducting transnational comparisons of local policies in my academic work.
B2. Assessment: 
1 - various examples of transnational working experience
B.3. Proficiency in English: 
My written and spoken English are fluent. Having worked for the last eight years (see cv) in various international contexts where English has been the main working language, I am used to communicating in English on a daily basis both formally and informally, orally and in writing. I have a long track record of publishing and presenting in academic and policy contexts in English. As a non-native English speaker who speaks several foreign languages, I am sensitive to the potential problems that non-native English speakers when following conversations in English and I am able to adapt my language accordingly.
B3. Assessment: 
1 - proficient C2 level english
Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities:
C.3.1. Ability to communicate complex concepts to non-English speakers: 
Briefing and conference on social innovation Preparing a social affairs meeting on the intersections between Eurocities work and the emerging EU-level topic of social innovation, I provided a short briefing paper (http://bit.ly/1dgXWyu) explaining the concept, connecting it to previous work of Eurocities, and briefing about the EU initiatives in the field. I invited a EU officer to present specific expectations of the European Commission towards cities and briefed presenters of local practices to follow a specific structure that fit the theme, reflecting on how the idea for a new service was generated, which plans existed on how to scale up the service etc. The outputs were summarised in a “highlights document” http://bit.ly/1GEnkLL 20 videos communicating social service innovation: http://www.inno-serv.eu As part of a two-person media team contracted by the FP7 project, 'Innoserv', I co-produced 20 short video clips on innovative social policy measures from across Europe. It was my task to bring policy expertise to the media team, conduct interviews with the local service providers and users, script and edit videos. The challenge consisted in triggering service providers and users to describe the innovativeness of their service (in their native languages, sometimes through translators); to capture sometimes complex social interaction in the service with the camera, and to find simple and compelling additional ways to describe innovation graphically.
C3.1 Assessment: 
1 - valid example of how the applicant is able to define a good communication approach
C.3.2. Ability to draw out, support the verbalization and documentation of knowledge and practice from participants: 
Structuring a peer review In the context of Roma inclusion we wanted to animate the group working on this topic to pilot the peer review technique to make their meetings more efficient. I provided a briefing on peer reviews (http://bit.ly/1DzqOIE) to prepare a discussion on whether or not to do it. Once the decision had been taken, I developed, together with members and an external expert working for the Council of Europe, a benchmark to structure the learning exercise and to help participants from other cities to assess Berlin's Roma school mediator schemes against the benchmark (http://bit.ly/1OsUnWK). A final report http://bit.ly/1E9bTr6 provided an assessment of a city policy and drew up take-home learning point for other cities. Background report for activities on European Year against exclusion Aiming to provide concise background reports for Eurocities' activities during the European Year against Poverty and Social Exclusion, I drafted a short report on challenges and policy responses in the area of segregation and disadvantaged neighbourhoods (http://bit.ly/1z39uiw). This report reflects research findings and input from practitioners and was published with similar on other themes of social exclusion.
C3.2 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples to draw out information from participants
C.3.3. Ability to capture learning for participants to take away: 
Cities and Economic Migration: http://bit.ly/1buBxfX This report was drafted at the request of Eurocities member cities who wanted help in structuring a transnational exchange on the integration of economic migrants. Based on input from members, the report documents the various challenges European cities face both with regard to mobility of EU citizens and international migrants, and then showcases solutions that different cities have found. It also documents the political framework for economic migration and presents recommendations that are based on discussions with city stakeholders. Case study advice for skill recognition Barcelona: http://bit.ly/1Qxp0Zz This draft case study will feed into a report for the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living Conditions (Eurofound). The report examines policy coordination in the fields of migration, labour market policies and integration in Europe between different levels of governance, across policy areas and between government and social partners. It looks at a local practice, on which I gathered information through interviews and document analysis from the perspective, through a prism of coordination that was established in discussions with Eurofound and social partners. I use user stories and graphics to highlight the most innovative elements of Barcelona's approach to skill recognition (This report is still a draft and is only for the reviewer).
C3.3 Assessment: 
1- two valid examples where the applicant captured learning for participants
C.3.4. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate good practices and policy messages: 
Editing contribution to EU report “A city perspective on the relationship between labour market needs and migration”: http://bit.ly/1Ir19J5 Invited to contribute, with a city-perspective, to the European Migration Network's report on “Satisfying labour demand through migration”, I consulted city representatives on their policies and good-practices. I summarised their input in a short chapter for the EMN report. The EMN is an EU-network of member state representatives working on immigration. Memo on Urban Citizenship: http://bit.ly/1bq34Pe I was commissioned to write this background document for the Migration Policy Institute, Washington to prepare a closed meeting of local and national politicians. The text provides an introduction to the concept of Urban Citizenship, explores its advantages based on real examples from diverse cities and ends with recommendations for mainly local policy makers.
C3.4 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples of reports that incorporate good practices and policy messages
Summary Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities: 
With over four years' experience as a policy advisor on social affairs for Eurocities, the network of European cities, I am familiar with the perspective and needs of city practitioners from all over Europe. I have considerable experience in designing and organising mutual learning at transnational level in expert working groups and projects. This includes, for instance, organinsing peer reviews, site visits and mentoring schemes, collecting data and editing it into reports on a wide array of urban topics, reaching from immigration and diversity to employment and neighbourhood development. My “parallel” academic career in Geography (PhD on residential mobility and neighbourhood change) and Political Science (Marie Curie Postdoc on urban integration policies) has allowed me to look at cities from a different angle, reflecting, for instance on the differences of local and state level policy making, and the problems of multi-level governance. I have extensive experience in communicating urban issues in a variety of formats, and for diverse audiences. This includes, for instance, producing and publishing videos, policy briefings, methodology notes, summaries of meeting outcomes, policy papers and articles, often written in collaboration with, or based on, the input of city representatives. I am fluent in four European languages, and aware of the demands of communication in a transnational context.
Assessment: 
applicant scores sufficient on C1, C2 and C3 and is therefore validated for C. The applicant is familiar with Eurocities and through this has encountered many experts from around europe during projects and trainings.
Thematic expertise:
Theme / Policy: 
Active Inclusion of Target Groups
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
I have extensive experience on immigrant integration and Roma inclusion, and demographic change and ageing. Immigrant integration is one of the focus areas of my academic work, as is reflected in my 2 years post-doctoral research project at Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona and teaching Masters courses there and at HU Berlin. As a policy advisor at Eurocities (4.5 years), I was responsible for two transnational working groups on immigrant integration and conducted a broad range of activities on this topic – from designing learning activities and projects to drafting thematic reports. I set up a working group on Roma inclusion to explore the emerging issue of vulnerable Roma moving from eastern to western member states. As a freelancer, I conducted surveys on discrimination and participation in multi-cultural neighbourhoods and participated in the civil society monitoring of German Roma policies, which was commissioned by the Open Society Foundations (http://bit.ly/1RqUyRB). Regarding ageing, I lead Eurocities activities to the European Year on Active Ageing, designing learning activities for cities in this thematic framework. I also supervised the drafting of a series of research papers on demographic change commissioned by Eurocities, and contributed to a Hungarian Presidency report on Demographic change. My PhD thesis explored the impact of inequality, including age, on residential mobility and neighbourhood change.
D1 Assessment: 
1 - over 2 years of experience
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
Immigrant Integration I produced a background paper for a workshop with politicians by the Migration Policy Institute on multi-level governance problems in immigrant integration (http://bit.ly/1bq34Pe) within the Transatlantic Council on Migration initiative. The briefing for my report was to identify key areas, bottlenecks for cooperation and solutions found from a city perspective. I drew on many examples that I knew from my Eurocities experience, and conducted additional interviews and other research to complement the information base. Roma inclusion In my work on Roma inclusion at Eurocities I prepared a peer review on Roma mediator schemes by providing a briefing on peer reviews (http://bit.ly/1DzqOIE). Once a positive decision had been taken, I developed, together with members and an external expert working for the Council of Europe, a benchmark to structure the learning exercise and to help participants from other cities to assess Berlin's Roma school mediator schemes against the benchmark (http://bit.ly/1OsUnWK). A final report http://bit.ly/1E9bTr6 provides an assessment of a city policy and drew up take-home learning point for other cities. Demographic change and ageing I acted as one of three external experts to provide input for a report for the Hungarian Presidency of the EU on “The impact of European demographic trends on regional and urban development” which was prepared by the Metropolitan Institute, Budapest (see “thanks” http://bit.ly/1AOAC0j).
D2 Assessment: 
1 - 3 examples on the ability to produce thematic inputs
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
Irregular Immigration and Cities Having the opportunity to participate, through the Eurocities working group on migration & integration, in a study of the think tank Centre for European Policy Studies CEPS on “EU Policy on Irregular Immigration”, I gathered information from cities, and drafted, based on this information, a contirbution to CEPS report (http://bit.ly/1F6YOjI). At a later stage, I prepared city policy makers to present their cities policies at a conference organised by CEPS to present the report. Integration practices In 2008/09 I was responsible for Eurocities' work as a partner in the consortium that set up the European Website of Integration (www.integration.eu) on the European Commission's behalf. Eurocities had committed to providing a first set of 100 cases of good practices on immigrant integration. My task was to contribute with cases that I came across in my work, to encourage member cities to feed examples into the site, and to conduct quality control on the cases submitted by members (http://bit.ly/1AODRop).
D3 Assessment: 
1- two valid examples provided on the applicants ability to produce reports
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
Leading the “Integrating Cities” process at Eurocities, my task was to link transnational learning between cities with policy and advocacy work. This involved intensifying the work of a working group on migration by winning additional resources through projects and thereby increasing its outreach and visibility to other cities and other EU actors under the “integrating cities” brand. I drew on the working group to identify new and emerging needs to be addressed in projects, such as assessing existing policies in peer reviews, or providing mentoring the implementation on new policies. I also helped to develop the common standards that we developed in projects into political positions, such as the Integrating Cities Charter (http://bit.ly/1q1fW4L), and co-designed project outputs in a way to foster learning also outside the Eurocities context, e.g. as “toolkits” for auto-assessment of cities. In terms of dissemination, the projects provided resources to hold the highly visible Integrating Cities conference series to give opportunities for cities to engage with national and EU policy makers, and to use video and social media communication tools to further increase visibility (www.integratingcities.eu). Altogether this work has boosted the effectiveness of Eurocities' work on immigrant integration and made Eurocities a key player on immigrant integration at EU level, and an attractive environment for transnational learning of cities.
D4 Assessment: 
1 - valid exmple of drafting policy design
Summary Thematic expertise: 
I have extensive experience of fostering mutual learning between cities in the inclusion of marginalised groups, in particular immigrants, ethnic minorities and older people. My experience stems, on the one hand, from working as a policy advisor for Eurocities, supporting working groups on migration and Roma inclusion, and feeding this work into the EU-debate. I was involved in designing and implementing Eurocities' 'Integrating Cities Process', setting up a working group on Roma inclusion and coordinating the organisation's work on demographic change and ageing. This involved briefing cities on EU policy developments, gathering, analysing and summarising information from cities in reports, facilitating active mutual learning in working groups, peer reviews, projects and meetings, and feeding the knowledge generated into political discussions at EU and national levels. On the other hand, I have conducted doctoral and postdoctoral research in Geography and Political Sciences to understand the dimensions of exclusion in cities, and to explore how local policies can counter it. This work has regularly involved collaboration with urban practitioners who work on questions involving newcomer programmes, partnerships with immigrant NGOs, skill recognition, policies for Roma inclusion and the challenges of multi-level governance, to name a few examples.
Assessment: 
4 out of 4 points. the applicant is approved for D(Active inclusion of target groups)
Theme / Policy: 
Employment, Human Capital and Labour Mobility
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
My experience in this thematic area focuses primarily on employment policies, skills development and labour mobility, and some work on education, mainly in relation with immigration. As a policy advisor for Eurocities, I provided support, over a two-year period, to the network's working group on employment, and its Social Affairs Forum (whose portfolio covered employment policies). I was also responsible for supporting the Eurocities working group on economic migration for three years, which focused focused on attracting and retaining workers and students. In this context, I followed European, national and local policy developments, and facilitated transnational learning activities such as working group meetings and a peer review on “attracting and retaining international students in Dublin”. I authored briefings and publications on “Innovation in local and regional employment policies” (http://bit.ly/1J27E48), “Attracting and Retaining International Students” (http://bit.ly/1EaYVfv) and “Cities and Economic Migration” (http://bit.ly/1buBxf) for instance. I also edited reports authored by external experts such as “A Comparison of Job Centres in European Cities” (http://bit.ly/1Iu2s8w). I co-organised and programmed a number of transnational conferences on this theme with Eurocities member cities, including fora on “Innovation in local and regional employment policies”, “Cities and Economic Migration” and “Social Innovation”.
D1 Assessment: 
1 - phd closely related to this field and professional experience
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
Briefing on “Innovation in local and regional employment policies” (http://bit.ly/1J27E48) This briefing served to prepare and provide a focus for the participants of a Eurocities Social Affairs Forum on employment to the meeting. It sets out the main questions to be addressed by the meeting, and provides background information on the context of EU policy developments and local policies of the host city Rotterdam. Case study service for skill recognition Barcelona (http://bit.ly/1GI1RvD) This draft case study will contribute to a report for the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living Conditions, which will look at the coordination between labour market and immigrant integration policies through a set of nine case studies from different EU countries. My case study analyses Barcelona's skill recognition advice service and its approach to coordination with government and social partners, and with higher levels of government (NB This report is still a draft and should only be seen by the reviewer).
D2 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples provided on D2
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
A briefing on “Cities and Economic Migration” (http://bit.ly/1buBxfX) This report was drafted at the request of Eurocities members. It drew directly on input from cities themselves and served to structure an exchange between member cities on the integration of economic migrants. Contribution to EU report “A city perspective on the relationship between labour market needs and migration” (http://bit.ly/1Ir19J5) Invited to contribute, with a city-perspective, to the European Migration Network's report on “Satisfying labour demand through migration”, I consulted city representatives on their policies and good-practices. I summarised their input in a short chapter for the EMN report. The EMN is an EU-body composed of member state representatives on immigration.
D3 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples of reports
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
Using a peer review on “Attracting and Retaining International Students” to foster networking on policies for international student mobility (http://bit.ly/1EaYVfv) This peer review built on the work of the Eurocities working group on economic migration and the Urbact OpenCities project. It capitalised on the willingness of the city of Dublin to drive forward its policies and assessed Irish and Dublin's policy efforts in the area of the mobility and integration of international students. Organising the peer review in a transnational context helped stakeholders from Dublin City Council and Dublin Region to intensify their coordination with national government representatives in order to improve policy coordination. For the other cities participating, it collected examples of existing local policies and provided inspiration for improving local policies in attracting and retaining international students.
D4 Assessment: 
1 - valid example on the capitalization of project results.
Summary Thematic expertise: 
My experience in the field of employment policies, skills development and labour mobility is based on supporting the work of city working groups on employment and economic migration, and the Social Affairs Forum, at Eurocities, and in looking at local labour market policies in more academic articles. This work has centred on local policies for the inclusion of people furthest away from the labour market, local job centres, policies for skill homologation and validation, and policies for attracting and retaining international students. I have drafted, coordinated and edited policy-related publications in this field, and have facilitated working group and peer review meetings to foster city-to-city exchanges.
Assessment: 
scores 4 out of 4. Applicant is approved for D ( employment and labour mobility).
Theme / Policy: 
Integrated Urban Renewal
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
My experience in this area has focused on disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Since 2008 I am member of a working group neighbourhood research and co-editor of a related publication series, working at the interface between research and practice. I am particularly interested in the links between place-based programmes and mainstream policies, e.g. in my 2014 article on “Building Inclusive Cities” (http://bit.ly/1KyllWx). As a policy advisor for Eurocities, I worked on disadvantaged neighbourhoods within the context of immigrant integration in particular. I wrote a briefing on “Social Segregation and Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods”for city practitioners (http://bit.ly/1z39uiw). I have practical experience from working in a neighbourhood empowerment programme in Berlin where my tasks included fostering resident self-organisation. I participated in conducting a large-scale resident survey in another disadvanteged area of Berlin, to explore the main problems perceived by the neighbours and to identify potentials for more resident participation. In my PhD thesis I provided an overview on the consequences of social polarisation for relationships to the neighbourhood (http://bit.ly/1IrNCkg, in German). I also conducted a GIS-based statistical analysis of neighbourhood changes in Berlin (http://bit.ly/1cmGojV). My master's thesis addressed stigmatisation of immigrant neighbourhoods in Berlin and Marseille.
D1 Assessment: 
1 - phd in related field and professional working experience
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
Briefing on disadvantaged neighbourhoods Based on input from Eurocities member cities, and a review of academic literature I wrote a briefing on the problems and policies related to “Social Segregation and Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods (http://bit.ly/1z39uiw). This document served to provide the background for Eurocities' activities during the European Year against Poverty and Social Exclusion. Overview of policies addressing the negative effects of segregation My article on “Building Inclusive Cities” (http://bit.ly/1KyllWx) provided background material for a discussion between local and national policy makers on the multi-level governance of immigration. A section entitled “Addressing the Negative Effects of Segregation” looked at the pitfalls of area-based programmes for social inclusion. It provided examples from a variety of European countries of initiatives that address disadvantage in a sustainable way, and proposed solutions for improving the way place-based and people-based policies are combined.
D2 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples provided by the applicant to provide thematic inputs on IUR
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
Organising workshop and editing publication on “Right to the city” from an international and transdisciplinary perspective) In 2012 I co-edited a book which compiled a selection of articles written by activists and academics active on questions of urban social movements across Europe, Asia and America. (http://bit.ly/1J38xJz). Although they worked in a variety of contexts, Henri Lefebvre's “Right to the City” was a reference for all. Together with the co-editor I authored the book's introduction, providing an overview of the different understandings and functions of the “right to the city” from a practice-oriented perspective, and reviewed the contributions. The book drew on a workshop that we had previously organised with the Conference of German-Speaking Geographers (Geographentag). Analysis of the intersections between integration policies and area-based programmes For a workshop of the working group “neighbourhood research” of the German Society for University Geography, I investigated the “parallel worlds” of immigrant integration policies and policies for disadvantaged neighbourhoods, which was later published in an edited book (http://bit.ly/1EtZwTt). The article presented Copenhagen's new-city policy as an example of the way temporary place-based programmes and people-based policies could be successfully combined by reinforcing mainstream policies in the most disadvantaged areas. One particular example explored the creation of highly attractive 'magnet
D3 Assessment: 
1 - two valid examples provided by the applicabnt
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
“Neighbourhood research” book series and working group I am a member of the German Society for Geography's interdisciplinary working group “neighbourhood research” (Quartiersforschung) (http://bit.ly/1Fm9BZk). This group aims to connect the two worlds of academia and practice. It does so through the choice of meeting topics and formats (which always include windows into practice, e.g. through site visits) and through a book series that goes under the same name, published by “Springer”, of which I am one of the editors. Connecting the group with the publication series has allowed us to disseminate up-to-date research findings from PhD theses, research projects and workshops to an audience of academics and policy makers (http://bit.ly/1FfSE0Z). At present, as the structure is evolving further, the activities have led to proposals for research projects, which replicate the research-practice profile of the group.
D4 Assessment: 
1 - valid example of disseminating up-to-date research findings
Summary Thematic expertise: 
My knowledge of segregation, disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and related policies derives from my experience in a number of different contexts. I have worked 'in the field' on neighbourhood development programmes in Berlin. As an academic I have explored area-based programmes from a governance perspective, and in relation with immigrant integration policies, in practice-oriented publications. As an expert, I have conducted surveys with residents and analysed statistical data on neighbourhood change, and provided summaries on neighbourhood-based policies and programmes in Europe for Eurocities. I am member of the working group “neighbourhood research” of the German society for university geography. I am also co-editor of a related book series “neighbourhood research” which covers a wide-range of topics related to urban neighbourhoods from both a practical and academic perspective. I am particularly interested in the articulation between place-based and people-based policies and synthesising the strengths of both approaches to contribute to spatial and social justice.
Assessment: 
score 4 out of 4. Applicant is approved for D (integrated urban renewal).

Informations

Residence location:
Spain
Languages:
German - Mother tongue
Foreign Languages level: 
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Email:
dirk_gebhardt@gmx.de
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Area of expertise